Affinity chromatography is one of the most diverse and powerful chromatographic methods for purifying a specific molecule or group of molecules from a complex mixture. It is based on highly specific biological interactions between two molecules, such as between an enzyme and a substrate, a receptor and a ligand, or an antibody and an antigen. These interactions are usually reversible and are purified by placing one of the interacting molecules, called affinity ligands, on a solid substrate to form a stationary phase while the target molecule is in the mobile phase.
According to the type of ligand, affinity chromatography can be divided into lectin affinity chromatography, boronate affinity chromatography, immunoaffinity chromatography, immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography, etc. Another key factor in affinity columns is the type of support for immobilizing the ligand, including traditional carbohydrate supports (such as agarose and cellulose), silica particles, and monolithic materials.
Amerigo Scientific offers different sizes and types of affinity chromatography columns for the separation, purification, and concentration of molecules of interest, particularly biological macromolecules.
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